Exploring DateTime2 in SQL Server
DateTime2 is one of the most useful and frequently used data types in SQL Server. It is designed to store date and time values with high precision and accuracy, making it ideal for applications where precise time tracking is critical. In this article, we will explore the features of DateTime2 in SQL Server and learn how to use it effectively.
DateTime2 in SQL Server is an extension of the DateTime data type. It is designed to provide better precision and accuracy than the DateTime type, which has a precision of up to three decimal places. DateTime2 can store values with a precision of up to seven decimal places, making it ideal for applications that require more precise time tracking.
One of the key advantages of DateTime2 is its ability to store a wider range of values. While DateTime can only store values between January 1, 1753, and December 31, 9999, DateTime2 can store values from January 1, 0001, to December 31, 9999. This makes it ideal for applications that need to work with historical or future dates.
DateTime2 also supports the storage of time zone information, providing developers with greater control over how dates and times are displayed and manipulated. This means that developers can easily convert times between different time zones, making it easier to work with data from around the world.
Using DateTime2 in SQL Server
To use DateTime2 in SQL Server, you first need to create a column with the DateTime2 data type. You can do this using the CREATE TABLE statement, as shown below:
CREATE TABLE event (
id INT PRIMARY KEY,
In the example above, we have created a table called event with three columns: id, start_time, and end_time. The start_time and end_time columns are defined as DateTime2(7) data types, which means they can store values with a precision of up to seven decimal places.
Once you have created the table, you can insert data into it using the INSERT statement. Here’s an example:
INSERT INTO event VALUES (1, ‘2022-01-01 10:00:00.0000000’, ‘2022-01-01 12:00:00.0000000’);
In the example above, we have inserted a row into the event table with an id of 1, a start_time of January 1, 2022, at 10:00 AM, and an end_time of January 1, 2022, at 12:00 PM.
Working with DateTime2 in SQL Server
Once you have stored data in a DateTime2 column in SQL Server, you can use various functions to work with the data. Here are some common functions you can use:
GETDATE(): Returns the current date and time.
DATEADD(): Adds a specified time interval to a date and time value.
DATEDIFF(): Calculates the difference between two date and time values.
CONVERT(): Converts a date and time value to a different data type.
Here’s an example of using the DATEADD function to add 10 minutes to a DateTime2 value:
SELECT DATEADD(minute, 10, start_time)
In the example above, we are selecting the start_time column from the event table and adding 10 minutes to it using the DATEADD function.
FAQs about DateTime2 in SQL Server
Q: What is the maximum precision of DateTime2 in SQL Server?
A: The maximum precision of DateTime2 in SQL Server is seven decimal places.
Q: Can DateTime2 store time zone information?
A: Yes, DateTime2 can store time zone information.
Q: What is the range of dates that can be stored in a DateTime2 column?
A: The range of dates that can be stored in a DateTime2 column is from January 1, 0001, to December 31, 9999.
Q: How can I convert a DateTime2 value to a different data type?
A: You can use the CONVERT function to convert a DateTime2 value to a different data type.
Q: Is DateTime2 faster than DateTime in SQL Server?
A: DateTime2 is generally faster than DateTime in SQL Server, especially when working with large amounts of data.
DateTime2 is an incredibly useful data type in SQL Server that provides developers with greater precision, accuracy, and flexibility when working with date and time values. By understanding how to use DateTime2 effectively, you can improve the performance and functionality of your applications and create more robust and reliable solutions.