Manipulating the Document Object Model (DOM) is a common task in web development. Angular makes this task easier by providing a built-in renderer called Renderer2. In this article, we’ll explore Renderer2 and provide examples of how to use it to manipulate the DOM in Angular applications.

What is Renderer2?

Renderer2 is a service provided by Angular that acts as the bridge between application code and the DOM. It allows developers to interact with the DOM without accessing it directly. This is important because directly accessing the DOM can be slow and can cause issues with security and performance.

Using Renderer2, developers can add, remove, and modify elements, attributes, and text nodes in the DOM while keeping the application code separate from the implementation details of the DOM.

Example: Adding a button to the DOM

Let’s say we want to add a button to our DOM when a user clicks on a certain element. We can use Renderer2 to do this.

First, we need to inject the Renderer2 service into our component:

import { Component, Renderer2 } from ‘@angular/core’;

export class MyComponent {
constructor(private renderer: Renderer2) {}

Next, we’ll create a method that will add the button to the DOM when called:

addButton() {
const button = this.renderer.createElement(‘button’);
const text = this.renderer.createText(‘Click me’);
this.renderer.appendChild(button, text);
this.renderer.appendChild(document.body, button);

In this method, we first create a button element using the `createElemment` method provided by Renderer2. Then, we create a text node to display on the button using the `createText` method. We then append the text node to the button and the button to the body of the document using `appendChild`.

Finally, we can call this method when the user clicks on a certain element:


Click here to add a button


Example: Changing an element’s style

Let’s say we want to change the color of a text element when a user interacts with it. We can use Renderer2 to do this as well.

First, we’ll define a class in our component’s stylesheet that contains the style we want to apply:

.highlight {
color: red;

Next, we’ll create a method that will apply the style to the element when called:

highlight(element: HTMLElement) {
this.renderer.addClass(element, ‘highlight’);

In this method, we use the `addClass` method provided by Renderer2 to add the `highlight` class to the element.

Finally, we can call this method when the user interacts with the element:


Hover over me to highlight


In this example, we’re using the `(mouseenter)` and `(mouseleave)` events to call the `highlight` method when the user interacts with the element.


Q: What browsers does Renderer2 support?
A: Renderer2 supports all modern browsers, including Chrome, Firefox, and Safari.

Q: Can I use Renderer2 to modify elements outside of my component’s template?
A: Technically, yes. However, it’s generally not recommended to do so, as it can lead to issues with maintainability and performance.

Q: Is there any performance overhead when using Renderer2?
A: There may be a slight performance overhead when using Renderer2, as it adds an additional layer between your application and the DOM. However, this overhead is generally minimal and is outweighed by the benefits of using Renderer2.

Similar Posts