Understanding the Use of useValue in Angular: A Comprehensive Guide

Angular is a popularly used framework for building interactive web applications. It comes packed with a vast array of features, including powerful dependency injection mechanisms. Dependency injection is a common pattern used in Angular to manage dependencies and provide better app design and quality.

One of the features of dependency injection that is beneficial to many developers and app users is the `useValue`. In this guide, we’ll look at what `useValue` is, how it works, and how it can make development more manageable.

What is useValue in Angular?

`useValue` is an option within Angular’s dependency injector, which allows a developer to provide a value as a dependency explicitly. What this means is that instead of relying on the framework to create and manage instances of a dependency, we can specify these instances ourselves.

In other words, `useValue` provides us the flexibility to create our custom dependencies for Angular services.

For instance, let’s say we have a component that relies on an API service. Instead of relying on the framework to provide an instance of the API service, we could instead create and provide our own instance using the `useValue` option.

How Does useValue Work in Angular?

The `useValue` option works by providing an actual value that the injector will use instead of creating an instance. When the dependency injector attempts to resolve dependencies, it’ll identify that a `useValue` operator has been set and then use the value provided as a dependency.

Using the `useValue` option is relatively straightforward. We create a dependency object, typically an instance of the desired class, and then provide that object as the value for the `useValue` option.

Here’s an example. We’ll create a simple class, `ExampleService`, and instantiate it:

class ExampleService {
getName() {
return “Example Service”

const exampleService = new ExampleService();

We can now provide our dependency using the `useValue` option. We’ll create a provider object and provide it in the `providers` array of our module:

providers: [
{ provide: ExampleService, useValue: exampleService }
class AppModule {}

In this example, we provide the `ExampleService` class and provide the `exampleService` instance as its value. Whenever Angular attempts to resolve dependencies for something requiring an instance of `ExampleService`, the provided instance will be used.

Benefits of Using useValue in Angular

Using `useValue` in Angular applications provides significant benefits, including:

Better control of dependencies

Using `useValue`, we have ultimate control over the value of the dependency we’re providing. This means we can specify a particular value or object to use, rather than relying on the injector to create an instance and hope it meets our needs.


Flexibility is another significant benefit of the `useValue` option. This flexibility allows developers to define dependencies in a way that makes sense for a given context.

For example, if an application requires a user object, we could create an authenticated user object using the `useValue` option to avoid constant authentication requests.


Finally, `useValue` is useful when testing. One challenge when testing an application is managing dependent services, which may not be ready at the same time. With `useValue`, we can specify specific objects to use for each test, allowing us to isolate tests easily.

FAQs about useValue in Angular

Can we provide more than one value for `useValue`?

No, you can only specify one object or value for `useValue`. However, this is typically enough for most use cases.

Can we use `useValue` with providers that have dependencies?

Yes. `useValue` can be used with any providers, whether they are standalone or have dependencies.

Can we modify `useValue` objects after providing them?

Yes. `useValue` objects can be modified after providing them. However, changes made after providing the object will apply to all instances utilizing the dependency.

What is the difference between `useValue` and `useFactory`?

`useValue` provides a static value that is used as the dependency. It is not dynamic and cannot be changed once set. On the other hand, `useFactory` provides a factory function that generates the needed instance of a dependency each time it’s required. This means that the value returned will vary based on the state of the application.

Is `useValue` a better option than `useClass`?

No. `useValue` and `useClass` are different options in Angular that are used to achieve different functionalities. `useClass` creates new instances of a particular class each time it is requested. On the other hand, `useValue` provides a static value or object as the dependency, and its value does not change over time.


`useValue` is an essential feature of Angular’s dependency injector that provides a value as a dependency explicitly. It is highly beneficial in managing dependencies, providing more control over dependencies’ values, and providing better code testing. The flexibility provided by the use of `useValue` makes it ideal for a wide range of use cases in most Angular applications.

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